Introduction ::SwedenBackground:A military power during the 17th century, Sweden has not participated in any war for almost two centuries. An armed neutrality was preserved in both world wars. Sweden's long-successful economic formula of a capitalist system interlarded with substantial welfare elements was challenged in the 1990s by high unemployment and in 2000-02 and 2009 by the global economic downturns, but fiscal discipline over the past several years has allowed the country to weather economic vagaries. Sweden joined the EU in 1995, but the public rejected the introduction of the euro in a 2003 referendum.Geography ::SwedenLocation:Northern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea, Gulf of Bothnia, Kattegat, and Skagerrak, between Finland and NorwayGeographic coordinates:62 00 N, 15 00 EArea:total: 450,295 sq kmcountry comparison to the world: 56land: 410,335 sq kmwater: 39,960 sq kmArea - comparative:slightly larger than CaliforniaLand boundaries:total: 2,233 kmborder countries: Finland 614 km, Norway 1,619 kmCoastline:3,218 kmMaritime claims:territorial sea: 12 nm (adjustments made to return a portion of straits to high seas)exclusive economic zone: agreed boundaries or midlinescontinental shelf: 200 m depth or to the depth of exploitationClimate:temperate in south with cold, cloudy winters and cool, partly cloudy summers; subarctic in northTerrain:mostly flat or gently rolling lowlands; mountains in westElevation extremes:lowest point: reclaimed bay of Lake Hammarsjon, near Kristianstad -2.4 mhighest point: Kebnekaise 2,111 mNatural resources:iron ore, copper, lead, zinc, gold, silver, tungsten, uranium, arsenic, feldspar, timber, hydropowerLand use:arable land: 5.8%permanent crops: 0.02%other: 94.18% (2011)Irrigated land:1,597 sq km (2007)Total renewable water resources:174 cu km (2011)Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural):total: 2.62 cu km/yr (37%/59%/4%)per capita: 285.6 cu m/yr (2007)Natural hazards:ice floes in the surrounding waters, especially in the Gulf of Bothnia, can interfere with maritime trafficEnvironment - current issues:acid rain damage to soils and lakes; pollution of the North Sea and the Baltic SeaEnvironment - international agreements:party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulfur 85, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whalingsigned, but not ratified: none of the selected agreementsGeography - note:strategic location along Danish Straits linking Baltic and North SeasPeople and Society ::SwedenNationality:noun: Swede(s)adjective: SwedishEthnic groups:indigenous population: Swedes with Finnish and Sami minorities; foreign-born or first-generation immigrants: Finns, Yugoslavs, Danes, Norwegians, Greeks, TurksLanguages:Swedish (official), small Sami- and Finnish-speaking minoritiesReligions:Lutheran 87%, other (includes Roman Catholic, Orthodox, Baptist, Muslim, Jewish, and Buddhist) 13%Population:9,119,423 (July 2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 92Age structure:0-14 years: 15.4% (male 724,724/female 682,451)15-24 years: 12.9% (male 602,347/female 574,650)25-54 years: 38.8% (male 1,790,185/female 1,745,108)55-64 years: 12.4% (male 561,460/female 564,861)65 years and over: 20.5% (male 841,211/female 1,032,426) (2013 est.)Dependency ratios:total dependency ratio: 56.8 %youth dependency ratio: 26.5 %elderly dependency ratio: 30.3 %potential support ratio: 3.3 (2013)Median age:total: 42.4 yearsmale: 41.2 yearsfemale: 43.5 years (2013 est.)Population growth rate:0.18% (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 179Birth rate:10.33 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 187Death rate:10.22 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 47Net migration rate:1.64 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 49Urbanization:urban population: 85% of total population (2010)rate of urbanization: 0.6% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)Major urban areas - population:STOCKHOLM (capital) 1.279 million (2009)Sex ratio:at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female25-54 years: 1.03 male(s)/female55-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female65 years and over: 0.81 male(s)/femaletotal population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2013 est.)Mother's mean age at first birth:28.6 (2005 est.)Maternal mortality rate:4 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)country comparison to the world: 180Infant mortality rate:total: 2.73 deaths/1,000 live birthscountry comparison to the world: 220male: 2.89 deaths/1,000 live birthsfemale: 2.57 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)Life expectancy at birth:total population: 81.28 yearscountry comparison to the world: 17male: 78.95 yearsfemale: 83.75 years (2013 est.)Total fertility rate:1.67 children born/woman (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 173Contraceptive prevalence rate:75.2%note: percent of women aged 18-44 (1996)Health expenditures:9.6% of GDP (2010)country comparison to the world: 31Physicians density:3.58 physicians/1,000 population (2006)Hospital bed density:2.8 beds/1,000 population (2009)Drinking water source:improved:urban: 100% of populationrural: 100% of populationtotal: 100% of population (2010 est.)Sanitation facility access:improved:urban: 100% of populationrural: 100% of populationtotal: 100% of population (2010 est.)HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:0.1% (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 133HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:8,100 (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 107HIV/AIDS - deaths:fewer than 100 (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 140Obesity - adult prevalence rate:18.6% (2008)country comparison to the world: 104Education expenditures:7.3% of GDP (2009)country comparison to the world: 20Literacy:definition: age 15 and over can read and writetotal population: 99%male: 99%female: 99% (2003 est.)School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):total: 16 yearsmale: 15 yearsfemale: 17 years (2011)Unemployment, youth ages 15-24:total: 22.9%country comparison to the world: 45male: 23.8%female: 22% (2011)Government ::SwedenCountry name:conventional long form: Kingdom of Swedenconventional short form: Swedenlocal long form: Konungariket Sverigelocal short form: SverigeGovernment type:constitutional monarchyCapital:name: Stockholmgeographic coordinates: 59 20 N, 18 03 Etime difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in OctoberAdministrative divisions:21 counties (lan, singular and plural); Blekinge, Dalarna, Gavleborg, Gotland, Halland, Jamtland, Jonkoping, Kalmar, Kronoberg, Norrbotten, Orebro, Ostergotland, Skane, Sodermanland, Stockholm, Uppsala, Varmland, Vasterbotten, Vasternorrland, Vastmanland, Vastra GotalandIndependence:6 June 1523 (Gustav VASA elected king)National holiday:National Day, 6 June (1983); note - from 1916 to 1982 this date was celebrated as Swedish Flag DayConstitution:1 January 1975Legal system:civil law system influenced by Roman-Germanic law and customary lawInternational law organization participation:accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations; accepts ICCt jurisdictionSuffrage:18 years of age; universalExecutive branch:chief of state: King CARL XVI GUSTAF (since 19 September 1973); Heir Apparent Princess VICTORIA Ingrid Alice Desiree, daughter of the monarch (born 14 July 1977)head of government: Prime Minister Fredrik REINFELDT (since 5 October 2006); Deputy Prime Minister Jan BJORKLUND (since 5 October 2010)cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the prime minister(For more information visit the World Leaders website )elections: the monarchy is hereditary; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition usually becomes the prime ministerLegislative branch:unicameral Parliament or Riksdag (349 seats; members are elected by popular vote on a proportional representation basis to serve four-year terms)elections: last held on 19 September 2010 (next to be held in September 2014)election results: percent of vote by party - SAP 30.7%, Moderate Party 30.1%, Green Party 7.3%, FP 7.1%, C 6.6%, SD 5.7%, KD 5.6%, V 5.6%, others 1.3%; seats by party - SAP 112, Moderate Party 107, Green Party 25, FP 24, C 23, SD 20, KD 19, V 19Judicial branch:highest court(s): Supreme Court of Sweden (consists of 16 justices including the court chairman; Supreme Administrative Court (consists of 18 justices including the court president)judge selection and term of office: Supreme Court and Supreme Administrative Court justices nominated by the Board of Judges, a 9-member nominating body consisting of high-level judges, prosecutors, and members of Parliament; justices appointed by the Government; following a probationary period, justices' appointments are permanentsubordinate courts: first instance and appellate general and administrative courts; specialized courts that handle cases such as land and environment, immigration, labor, markets, and patentsPolitical parties and leaders:Center Party (Centerpartiet) or C [Annie LOOF]Christian Democrats (Kristdemokraterna) or KD [Goran HAGGLUND]Green Party (Miljopartiet de Grona); [spokespersons Asa ROMSON and Gustav FRIDOLIN]Left Party (Vansterpartiet) (formerly Communist Party) or V [Jonas SJOSTEDT]Liberal People's Party (Folkpartiet) or FP [Jan BJORKLUND]Moderate Party (Moderaterna) [Fredrik REINFELDT]Social Democratic Party (Socialdemokraterna) or SAP [Stefan LOFVEN]Sweden Democrats (Sverigedemokraterna) or SD [Jimmie AKESSON]Political pressure groups and leaders:Children's Rights in SocietySwedish Confederation of Professional Employees or TCOSwedish Trade Union Confederation (Landsorganisationen) or LO [Wanja LUNDBY-WEDIN]other: environmental groups; mediaInternational organization participation:ADB (nonregional member), AfDB (nonregional member), Arctic Council, Australia Group, BIS, CBSS, CD, CE, CERN, EAPC, EBRD, EIB, EITI (implementing country), ESA, EU, FAO, FATF, G-9, G-10, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC (national committees), ICRM, IDA, IEA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IGAD (partners), IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), MIGA, MONUSCO, NC, NEA, NIB, NSG, OAS (observer), OECD, OPCW, OSCE, Paris Club, PCA, PFP, Schengen Convention, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNISFA, UNMISS, UNMOGIP, UNRWA, UNTSO, UPU, WCO, WFTU (NGOs), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO, ZCDiplomatic representation in the US:chief of mission: Ambassador Jonas HAFSTROMchancery: The House of Sweden, 2900 K Street NW, Washington, DC 20007telephone:  (202) 467-2600FAX:  (202) 467-2699consulate(s) general: New YorkDiplomatic representation from the US:chief of mission: Ambassador Mark BRZEZINSKIembassy: Dag Hammarskjolds Vag 31, SE-11589 Stockholmmailing address: American Embassy Stockholm, US Department of State, 5750 Stockholm Place, Washington, DC 20521-5750telephone:  (08) 783 53 00FAX:  (08) 661 19 64Flag description:blue with a golden yellow cross extending to the edges of the flag; the vertical part of the cross is shifted to the hoist side in the style of the Dannebrog (Danish flag); the colors reflect those of the Swedish coat of arms - three gold crowns on a blue fieldNational symbol(s):three crowns; lionNational anthem:name: ""Du Gamla, Du Fria"" (Thou Ancient, Thou Free)lyrics/music: Richard DYBECK/traditionalnote: in use since 1844; the anthem, also known as ""Sang till Norden"" (Song of the North), is based on a Swedish folk tune; it has never been officially adopted by the government; ""Kungssangen"" (The King's Song) serves as the royal anthem and is played in the presence of the royal family and during certain state ceremoniesEconomy ::SwedenEconomy - overview:Aided by peace and neutrality for the whole of the 20th century, Sweden has achieved an enviable standard of living under a mixed system of high-tech capitalism and extensive welfare benefits. It has a modern distribution system, excellent internal and external communications, and a highly skilled labor force. In September 2003, Swedish voters turned down entry into the euro system concerned about the impact on the economy and sovereignty. Timber, hydropower, and iron ore constitute the resource base of an economy heavily oriented toward foreign trade. Privately owned firms account for vast majority of industrial output, of which the engineering sector accounts for about 50% of output and exports. Agriculture accounts for little more than 1% of GDP and of employment. Until 2008, Sweden was in the midst of a sustained economic upswing, boosted by increased domestic demand and strong exports. This and robust finances offered the center-right government considerable scope to implement its reform program aimed at increasing employment, reducing welfare dependence, and streamlining the state's role in the economy. Despite strong finances and underlying fundamentals, the Swedish economy slid into recession in the third quarter of 2008 and the contraction continued in 2009 as deteriorating global conditions reduced export demand and consumption. Strong exports of commodities and a return to profitability by Sweden's banking sector drove the strong rebound in 2010, which continued in 2011, but growth slipped to 1.2% in 2012. The government proposed stimulus measures in 2012 to curb the effects of a global economic slowdown and boost employment and growth.GDP (purchasing power parity):$399.4 billion (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 35$394.7 billion (2011 est.)$380.4 billion (2010 est.)note: data are in 2012 US dollarsGDP (official exchange rate):$526.2 billion (2012 est.)GDP - real growth rate:1.2% (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 1593.8% (2011 est.)6.3% (2010 est.)GDP - per capita (PPP):$41,900 (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 26$41,600 (2011 est.)$40,400 (2010 est.)note: data are in 2012 US dollarsGross national saving:26.8% of GDP (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 3627.3% of GDP (2011 est.)25.8% of GDP (2010 est.)GDP - composition, by end use:household consumption: 48.4%government consumption: 26.9%investment in fixed capital: 18.9%investment in inventories: -0.3%exports of goods and services: 48.8%imports of goods and services: -42.6%(2012 est.)GDP - composition, by sector of origin:agriculture: 1.8%industry: 27.4%services: 70.8% (2012 est.)Agriculture - products:barley, wheat, sugar beets; meat, milkIndustries:iron and steel, precision equipment (bearings, radio and telephone parts, armaments), wood pulp and paper products, processed foods, motor vehiclesIndustrial production growth rate:1.6% (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 108Labor force:5.058 million (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 75Labor force - by occupation:agriculture: 1.1%industry: 28.2%services: 70.7% (2008 est.)Unemployment rate:8% (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 937.5% (2011 est.)Population below poverty line:NA%Household income or consumption by percentage share:lowest 10%: 3.6%highest 10%: 22.2% (2000)Distribution of family income - Gini index:23 (2005)country comparison to the world: 13625 (1992)Budget:revenues: $270 billionexpenditures: $271.5 billion (2012 est.)Taxes and other revenues:51.3% of GDP (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 13Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-):-0.3% of GDP (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 52Public debt:38.2% of GDP (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 9138.4% of GDP (2011 est.)note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctionsFiscal year:calendar yearInflation rate (consumer prices):0.9% (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 133% (2011 est.)Central bank discount rate:5.5% (31 December 2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 1370.5% (31 December 2009 est.)Commercial bank prime lending rate:3.57% (31 December 2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 1674.28% (31 December 2011 est.)Stock of narrow money:$260.1 billion (31 December 2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 17$232.6 billion (31 December 2011 est.)Stock of broad money:$440.2 billion (31 December 2011 est.)country comparison to the world: 24$422.6 billion (31 December 2010 est.)Stock of domestic credit:$792.5 billion (31 December 2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 18$725.2 billion (31 December 2011 est.)Market value of publicly traded shares:$470.1 billion (31 December 2011)country comparison to the world: 20$581.2 billion (31 December 2010)$432.3 billion (31 December 2009)Current account balance:$37.56 billion (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 13$37.73 billion (2011 est.)Exports:$178.5 billion (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 29$189.1 billion (2011 est.)Exports - commodities:machinery 35%, motor vehicles, paper products, pulp and wood, iron and steel products, chemicalsExports - partners:Norway 10.4%, Germany 10.3%, UK 8.1%, Denmark 6.7%, Finland 6.7%, Netherlands 5.5%, US 5.5%, Belgium 5%, France 4.8% (2012)Imports:$163.6 billion (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 29$174.3 billion (2011 est.)Imports - commodities:machinery, petroleum and petroleum products, chemicals, motor vehicles, iron and steel; foodstuffs, clothingImports - partners:Germany 17.4%, Denmark 8.5%, Norway 8.4%, UK 6.5%, Netherlands 6.4%, Russia 5.6%, Finland 5.1%, China 4.9%, France 4.2% (2012)Reserves of foreign exchange and gold:$52.23 billion (31 December 2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 35$50.35 billion (31 December 2011 est.)Debt - external:$1.034 trillion (31 December 2012)country comparison to the world: 18$992.5 billion (31 December 2011)Stock of direct foreign investment - at home:$488.2 billion (31 December 2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 15$474.5 billion (31 December 2011 est.)Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad:$540.6 billion (31 December 2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 13$507.1 billion (31 December 2011 est.)Exchange rates:Swedish kronor (SEK) per US dollar -6.77 (2012 est.)6.4918 (2011 est.)7.2075 (2010 est.)7.6529 (2009)6.4074 (2008)Energy ::SwedenElectricity - production:147.8 billion kWh (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 26Electricity - consumption:127.1 billion kWh (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 26Electricity - exports:12.85 billion kWh (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 13Electricity - imports:14.93 billion kWh (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 12Electricity - installed generating capacity:35.29 million kW (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 24Electricity - from fossil fuels:12.5% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 193Electricity - from nuclear fuels:25% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 6Electricity - from hydroelectric plants:46.9% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 45Electricity - from other renewable sources:15.2% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 11Crude oil - production:0 bbl/day (2011 est.)country comparison to the world: 190Crude oil - exports:0 bbl/day (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 187Crude oil - imports:380,100 bbl/day (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 23Crude oil - proved reserves:0 bbl (1 January 2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 189Refined petroleum products - production:413,300 bbl/day (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 36Refined petroleum products - consumption:316,000 bbl/day (2011 est.)country comparison to the world: 41Refined petroleum products - exports:243,200 bbl/day (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 26Refined petroleum products - imports:166,000 bbl/day (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 32Natural gas - production:0 cu m (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 193Natural gas - consumption:1.296 billion cu m (2011 est.)country comparison to the world: 85Natural gas - exports:0 cu m (2011 est.)country comparison to the world: 183Natural gas - imports:1.296 billion cu m (2011 est.)country comparison to the world: 53Natural gas - proved reserves:0 cu m (1 January 2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 193Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy:62.74 million Mt (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 53Communications ::SwedenTelephones - main lines in use:4.6 million (2011)country comparison to the world: 35Telephones - mobile cellular:11.194 million (2011)country comparison to the world: 69Telephone system:general assessment: highly developed telecommunications infrastructure; ranked among leading countries for fixed-line, mobile-cellular, Internet and broadband penetrationdomestic: coaxial and multiconductor cables carry most of the voice traffic; parallel microwave radio relay systems carry some additional telephone channelsinternational: country code - 46; submarine cables provide links to other Nordic countries and Europe; satellite earth stations - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean), 1 Eutelsat, and 1 Inmarsat (Atlantic and Indian Ocean regions); note - Sweden shares the Inmarsat earth station with the other Nordic countries (Denmark, Finland, Iceland, and Norway) (2011)Broadcast media:publicly owned TV broadcaster operates 2 terrestrial networks plus regional stations; multiple privately owned TV broadcasters operating nationally, regionally, and locally; about 50 local TV stations; widespread access to pan-Nordic and international broadcasters through multi-channel cable and satellite TV; publicly owned radio broadcaster operates 3 national stations and a network of 25 regional channels; roughly 100 privately owned local radio stations with some consolidating into near national networks; an estimated 900 community and neighborhood radio stations broadcast intermittently (2008)Internet country code:.seInternet hosts:5.978 million (2010)country comparison to the world: 19Internet users:8.398 million (2009)country comparison to the world: 33Transportation ::SwedenAirports:231 (2013)country comparison to the world: 25Airports - with paved runways:total: 149over 3,047 m: 32,438 to 3,047 m: 121,524 to 2,437 m: 75914 to 1,523 m: 22under 914 m: 37 (2013)Airports - with unpaved runways:total: 82914 to 1,523 m: 5under 914 m:77 (2013)Heliports:2 (2013)Pipelines:gas 1,626 km (2013)Railways:total: 11,633 kmcountry comparison to the world: 20standard gauge: 11,568 km 1.435-m gauge (7,567 km electrified)narrow gauge: 65 km 1.000-m gauge (65 km electrified) (2008)Roadways:total: 572,900 km (includes 1,855 km of expressways)country comparison to the world: 12note: includes 98,400 km of state roads, 433,500 km of private roads, and 41,000 km of municipal roads; 215,700 km of these are open to public traffic (2009)Waterways:2,052 km (2010)country comparison to the world: 41Merchant marine:total: 135country comparison to the world: 42by type: bulk carrier 4, cargo 16, carrier 1, chemical tanker 15, passenger 5, passenger/cargo 36, petroleum tanker 11, roll on/roll off 30, vehicle carrier 17foreign-owned: 35 (Denmark 4, Estonia 3, Finland 16, Germany 3, Ireland 1, Italy 5, Norway 3)registered in other countries: 189 (Bahamas 11, Barbados 4, Bermuda 14, Canada 2, Cook Islands 3, Cyprus 5, Denmark 15, Faroe Islands 11, Finland 1, France 4, Gibraltar 11, Italy 1, Liberia 12, Malta 1, Marshall Islands 1, Netherlands 12, Norway 27, Panama 2, Portugal 3, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 10, Singapore 11, UK 28) (2010)Ports and terminals:Brofjorden, Goteborg, Helsingborg, Karlshamn, Lulea, Malmo, Stockholm, Trelleborg, VisbyMilitary ::SwedenMilitary branches:Swedish Armed Forces (Forsvarsmakten): Army (Armen), Royal Swedish Navy (Marinen), Swedish Air Force (Svenska Flygvapnet) (2010)Military service age and obligation:18-47 years of age for male and female voluntary military service; Swedish citizenship required; service obligation: 7.5 months (Army), 7-15 months (Navy), 8-12 months (Air Force); the Swedish Parliament has abolished compulsory military service, with exclusively voluntary recruitment as of July 2010; conscription remains an option in emergencies; after completing initial service, soldiers have a reserve commitment until age 47 (2013)Manpower available for military service:males age 16-49: 2,065,691females age 16-49: 1,996,764 (2010 est.)Manpower fit for military service:males age 16-49: 1,709,055females age 16-49: 1,650,432 (2010 est.)Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually:male: 54,960female: 52,275 (2010 est.)Military expenditures:1.5% of GDP (2005 est.)country comparison to the world: 94Transnational Issues ::SwedenDisputes - international:noneRefugees and internally displaced persons:refugees (country of origin): 24,741 (Iraq); 19,416 (Somalia); 8,454 (Afghanistan); 6,414 (Eritrea); 6,051 (Syria) (2012)stateless persons: 9,596 (2012); note - the majority of stateless people come from the Middle East and Somalia"
The World Factbook. 2014.
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